Roald Dahl

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“For many children Roald Dahl is synonymous with reading.”

 

Fighter ace, surgical device inventor, and FDR’s drinking buddy. And then there’s his services to literature, and literacy.

For Roald Dahl’s 100th birthday, the Oxford English Dictionary added several of his words – that’s how we’ve come to think of them – to their volumes.

He is rightfully known for his inventiveness with English. But as the Independent noted in Dahl’s obituary a quarter-century ago, “The quality of his writing is easily discernible by the fluency with which it can be read aloud.”

 

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Photo via Biswarup Ganguly, Wikimedia Commons

 

See for yourself by reading the passage below out loud. A lesser writer would have crammed it with detail or been oblivious to its rhythm:

At that point a wild and marvelous idea came to me.

Why shouldn’t I go in the Baby Austin? I really did know how to drive. My father had always allowed me to move the automobiles around when they came in for repair. He let me drive them into the workshop and back out again afterward. And sometimes I drove one of them slowly around the pumps in first gear. I loved doing that. And I would get there much quicker if I went by car. This was an emergency. If he was wounded and bleeding badly, then every minute counted. I had never driven on the road, but I would surely not meet any other cars at this time of night. I would go very slowly and keep close to the proper side.

That’s from Danny, the Champion of the World, introduced to my classmates and me by the lovely Ms. Greer, who read it during story time. I hadn’t known books could be that good.

 

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Photo via Gary Noon, Wikimedia Commons

 

Roald Dahl’s Independent obituary, by Julia Eccleshare, is excerpted below for educational purposes.

 

FOR 25 years Roald Dahl occupied a unique position as a children’s writer. Unique on two counts – he was far and away the most popular author for children, topping and filling the bestseller lists time after time while at the same time being disliked, even abhorred, by some adults.

Roald Dahl was born in Wales in 1916, the son of Norwegian parents, and was educated at Repton. He went to work for Shell in Dar es Salaam in 1937 and joined the Royal Air Force in Nairobi when war broke out. Back injuries he sustained in a crash-landing in the desert plagued him for the rest of his life. He was transferred to Washington as an air attache in 1942 and it was there that he met C.S. Forester, who asked him for his war experiences as he wanted to write an account for an American audience. Dahl found it easiest to write out his story, for Forester to refer to. Forester was so impressed that he found a magazine editor to take it for publication, and told Dahl that he was a born writer.

Dahl continued to live in the United States, and became a noted short-story writer, publishing pieces in the New Yorker. His first volume of short stories, Over to You: 10 stories of flyers and flying, was published in New York in 1946, with an English edition in the following year. It was as a short-story writer that Dahl established his early reputation, with cautionary, tightly-plotted pieces where bizarre circumstances invade day-to-day scenes, a style established in the collections Someone Like You (1954) and Kiss, Kiss (1960). Dahl was a craftsmanlike writer, sometimes working for weeks to hone the plotting and detail of one story. A regular device is a bet or competition in which the apparent victor loses face. In “Parson’s Pleasure” the “victor” aims to acquire from a farmer, for a small sum, what he knows to be a unique Chippendale commode, affecting such nonchalance – wanting it “only” for the timber – that the farmer, wishing to save him transport difficulties, is found chopping it to pieces as he draws up to collect his prize.

By the early Seventies Dahl regarded himself principally as a writer of children’s stories, although he published an adult comic novel, My Uncle Oswald, in 1979. Dahl’s vulgarity and childlike delight in excess made adults sceptical of his outstanding qualities as a storyteller and master of invention. Adults, when judging children’s books, tend to be especially sensitive and protective about what children should and should not read. That he was controversial there can be no doubt. He could be cruel, savage even, when attacking things he did not like. His loathing of blood sports is given full rein in both The Magic Finger (1966) and Danny, the Champion of the World (1975). His intellectual snobbishness shows through time and time again, most notably in one of his last titles, Matilda (1988). He was accused of being anti-women for his book The Witches (1983), a charge he most strenuously denied. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory had distinctly racist overtones in its first editions, an attitude that was corrected in later editions.

All these books show that Dahl held many different views of the world. In his writing his aim was to delight children. To him, the importance of his success was that he helped the cause of children’s reading. No one could dispute the huge role he played in getting children hooked into reading by offering them the kind of stories they really wanted to read. Stylistically, too, he helped new readers by using language simply and accurately. The quality of his writing is easily discernible by the fluency with which it can be read aloud.

For many children Roald Dahl is synonymous with reading. He is the one author whose books are currency among children, being passed eagerly from hand to hand as soon as they appear. The absence of new Dahl titles will be a loss for many young readers.